Organic farming is a hostilic technique of the crop production that involve the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and much more. It can be said that it is the substitute of the agricultural system that reduces the use of various harmful chemicals that have harmful effects on crops. Organic farming is the mere combination of the Nature, Science and Technology, a natural way to enhance the quality of the soil and to cultivate the crops with the proper utilization of water. The organic farming includes the following techniques.
Crop Diversity is an aspect of biodiversity that is very essential for food security. It is best at maintaining diversity with multiple cropping systems. Crop diversity is the variation in genetic and phenotypic features of plants used in agriculture. This includes the genetic range within each crop and the number of species usually grown between-crop diversity. The other Farming technique is the Soil Management is basically a natural way to use the bacteria present in the animal waste instead of using the harmful chemicals to enhance the the soil after the cultivation. It would make the soil higher in the nutrients content.
The Weed Management is the other organic farming technique that encourages weed control. It helpa the farmers to control weeds without utilizing the harmful and artificial herbicides using the biological, mechanical and chemical techniques. It includes tactics like Tilling, Mulching, Mowing and cutting, thermal weeding, etc.
Livestock is also one of the traditional organic farming techniques that are used to promote the utilization of the domestic animals that increases the sustainability of the farm. All animal feed must be certified organic.
Genetic Modification is a technique that is not encourged but a key concern is to be kept in mind that the pollen from genetically modified crops is an increasingly penetrating organic.