What are subsistence farming?

Subsistence farming can be known as a small holder agriculture wherein the farmer focuses in growing enough food to feed themselves and their families. In the subsistence farming, the farm technology is likely to be of low yield. In this type of farming, no harvest i.e. no subsistence crop is left for sale. In case of surplus, it is stored to sustain the family until the next harvest.

The amazing fact is that the majority of the rural area people depends on the subsistence farming for their survival. Subsistence farming is the method of farming that is less expensive and the crops are harvested at a  very low cost. It benefits the people of the rural area as it reduces the requirement to search the transportation to a city to sell the harvest. In other words, nothing needs to be purchased or borrowed from another sources.

The subsistence farming doesn’t work as it is very subjective to the change in the climate. Even though everything goes right,  there might be no profit in the subsistence farming. In case, if the climate is not favorable i.e. if there is a drought or a flood, this farming method would be limited to that year. The surplus harvest is a rare condition and thus it restraints the economic growth of the farmers. The subsistence farming are generally organic. It is organic way of farming as there are lack of finances and so the farmers are unable to purchase the fertilizers, pesticides, etc. for better yield.

In spite of all the adversities, it is considered to be the part of the modern world even at present era. It is the only alternative for the underdeveloped countries for the survival of the farmers and their families. Subsistence farming not only prevents the starvation and the famine conditions.

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